high blood pressure

Hypertension in hypertension is the main criterion for chronic hypertension and requires urgent treatment. It should be remembered that blood pressure may fluctuate slightly throughout the day; this is normal. But if the elevated levels remain high for a long time, or if the pressure fluctuations vary widely, that's high blood pressure.If you have high blood pressure, you need to measure your blood pressure correctly and regularly.

What is the blood pressure of a hypertensive patient?

Blood pressure in humans is represented by two indicators: upper pressure, or systolic pressure, and lower pressure (diastolic pressure). Normal blood pressure range for adults is 120/80 to 129/84 mmHg. Symptoms that indicate illness:
  • headache in the back of the head;
  • Insomnia;
  • Dizziness;
  • faint;
  • Pain in the heart area;
  • Goosebumps or circles under the eyes.
For patients with hypertension, the standards vary depending on the stage of the disease, as shown in the table below:
High blood pressure Pressure readings in millimeters of mercury. Art. symptom treat
light from 140 to 90 to 160 to 100
  • Periodic increases in blood pressure due to stress
  • Headache
  • diet
  • normalize lifestyle
ease 160/100—180/110
  • Enlargement of the left ventricle of the heart
  • Dizziness
  • faint
  • drug
  • light exercise
  • diet
Heavy 180/110 or above
  • Stroke
  • heart attack
  • Arrhythmia
  • nosebleed
  • Powerful drugs
  • strict diet
High blood pressure is more dangerous than low blood pressure. You should also be wary of pathology, since in the initial stages there are almost no symptoms. Late detection of problems can lead to impaired internal organ function, resulting in longer treatment times.

How to measure to get reliable results?

Blood pressure measurements must be taken correctly; the accuracy of the results depends on this. Basic rules of measurement:
  • Measure before meals, 3 times a day.
  • The patient's hands should be at the same level as the heart.
  • The cuff of the device should be in contact with the skin, but not too tight so that the index finger can be placed between the cuff and the skin. You need to inflate quickly and deflate slowly.
  • Do not smoke, drink coffee, tea, or alcohol 30 minutes before surgery.
  • Do not speak or use force during measurement.
  • It's best to measure with both hands. In this case, the difference between left and right should generally not exceed 10%.

Main prevention methods

For prevention purposes and to keep your blood pressure normal, you need to follow simple requirements:
  • Monitor weight fluctuations;
  • Daily salt intake should not exceed 5 grams;
  • Perform simple exercises every day;
  • Eliminate alcohol and nicotine intake;
  • Add fresh fruits and vegetables to your daily diet.

Proper treatment of high blood pressure

There are many ways you can stabilize your blood pressure and sometimes even get rid of the disease altogether: traditional or pharmaceutical. At home, you can use teas and tinctures to lower your blood pressure. Medication should be used with extreme caution and in consultation with a doctor. With certain medications, blood pressure can drop quickly. Medications are divided into the groups shown in the table.
medication group Indications Contraindications
ACE inhibitors
  • Comorbid diseases, such as diabetes and coronary heart disease
  • for complex treatments
  • chronic kidney disease
  • allergic reaction
  • atrial fibrillation
  • diabetic nephropathy
  • Intolerance to ACE inhibitors
  • almost no side effects
  • Pregnant
beta blockers
  • Arrhythmia
  • Angina pectoris
chronic lung disease
  • Removes excess fluid from the body and helps lower blood pressure
  • diabetes
Hypokalemia: Long-term use of medications removes beneficial substances from the body
Act quickly
  • For quick symptom relief
  • After complex processing
Individual intolerance to drug ingredients