treat high blood pressure

Hypertension is a multifactorial pathology whose origin cannot be explained by a specific cause. This complicates the choice of treatment that affects her. Treatment to reduce high blood pressure to maintain optimal stress levels, alleviate the patient's condition and prevent possible complications. The disease can be combated in a number of ways, each stage requiring a special approach. The treatment of hypertension should reasonably combine traditional and non-traditional methods, taking into account the individual characteristics of patients, in order to achieve the maximum effect.

What is high blood pressure

High blood pressure with heartache

Before you know how to treat high blood pressure, you need to understand what it is. Hypertension is a disease whose definite sign is elevated blood pressure. It is considered elevated when the value on the tonometer scale regularly exceeds the norm for a certain period of time, reaching 140/90 and above. Additional signs will appear as the pathological condition further progresses. Common symptoms of high blood pressure include:

  • Headache;
  • Frequent dizziness and weakness;
  • nausea, which turns into vomiting;
  • signs of increased arousal (tension, aggression, irritability);
  • did not sleep well;
  • Arrhythmia, heart pain;
  • forgetful.

Arterial hypertension occurs when the walls of blood vessels become damaged and lose their ability to relax and contract on their own to adapt to changing conditions. This happens under the influence of certain factors that put a long-term stress on the vascular system. A major predisposing factor for hypertension is thought to be central nervous system hyperexcitability caused by intense emotional experiences.

Other factors also play an important role:

  • Lots of savory items on the menu;
  • obesity;
  • lack of physical activity;
  • body aging;
  • severe overwork;
  • The habit of using cigarettes and alcohol;
  • Genetic susceptibility to the disease.

To understand how to deal with high blood pressure, you need to understand its type, stage and extent.

Doctor examining patient with high blood pressure

Essential arterial hypertension is diagnosed in most cases. It occurs as an independent pathology under the influence of a series of various factors. In the treatment of essential hypertension, life-long maintenance medication is administered while optimizing general lifestyle and rhythm of life.

Symptomatic arterial hypertension is a manifestation (symptom) of another disease. Secondary arterial hypertension appears sharper and brighter, with more severe and rapid progression. To deal with this pathology, you need to directly influence why it occurs. Usually, in this case, high blood pressure can only be treated with surgery.

Hypertension and its treatment go through different stages in its development. Three stages are distinguished based on the degree of damage to the target organ: the first stage is characterized by the absence of such damage, and the third stage results in an irreversible, life-threatening process. Concepts such as disease extent indicate the extent to which blood pressure is elevated in hypertension. There are also three degrees: first, a slight and irregular rise in pressure, and the third is characterized by high, persistent, poorly calibrated tonometer readings. The second stage and second degree can be described as transitional.

A modern approach to pathology

Modern treatments involve traditional classical treatments that can be supplemented by non-traditional alternatives. The traditional method is mainly drug treatment.

About medication

There is a certain list of medications that meet traditional standards of hypertension treatment. All of these are taken by a doctor throughout life according to prescribed regimens and doses. Unauthorized cancellation or replacement of medication is not permitted. When high blood pressure occurs, treatment should not be stopped even if stress levels have returned to normal and the patient is feeling well.

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors

Drug properties:

  • They have few side effects.
  • They protect the kidneys and heart from possible complications, and they keep pressure normal for a long time.
  • These drugs are usually used as monotherapy, but can be used in combination with other drugs.
  • The essence of the action of ACE inhibitors is to prevent the conversion of ACE 1 to ACE 2.
  • In cases where high blood pressure responds well to drug control, you can start taking antihypertensive drugs from this group.

Angiotensin 2 Receptor Blockers (ARBs)

ARBs are a relatively new drug. In the treatment of high blood pressure, it was used not long ago. Notable features:

  • Modern medicines have fewer adverse effects.
  • Effective protection of internal organs.
  • They have good antihypertensive properties.
  • Under the influence of these drugs, angiotensin 2 cannot constrict blood vessels because the receptors within the blood vessels that signal to constrict the walls of the blood vessels are blocked.

beta blockers


  • They belong to the older generation of drugs.
  • They are prescribed for hypertensive persistent arterial hypertension.
  • For patients with heart disease.
  • They have many side effects.
  • Medications are often combined with diuretics.
  • There are contraindications to use (diabetes, arrhythmias, bronchial obstruction).

calcium antagonist

Unique properties and features:

  • They do not allow calcium ions to penetrate into blood vessel cells, thereby reducing the stiffness of the vessel wall.
  • The drug dilates blood vessels and improves coronary circulation in high blood pressure.
  • Allows you to effectively control the level of the upper and lower pressure figures.
  • There are some side effects.
  • Tablets have contraindications (stenosis of the aorta, impaired metabolism).


high blood pressure medicine

Otherwise, they are called diuretics. Main features:

  • Remove excess fluid from the body.
  • Decreases potassium levels in cells.
  • Can cause dehydration and hypokalemia (potassium deficiency).
  • Normalize blood pressure.
  • They can be used as a single drug or in combination with other drugs.

Now briefly introduce some alternative treatments for conditions such as arterial hypertension.


This therapy nicely complements the primary treatments for high blood pressure. Its use can reduce the dose of medications you take and, in some cases, allow you to skip them altogether. Benefits of Physical Therapy:

  • Improve the condition of blood vessels;
  • normalizes blood flow in the brain;
  • Stabilize coronary circulation;
  • Helps relieve nervous tension.

What treatment can be recommended when high blood pressure develops:

  1. Use an electroplating collar based on a solution of magnesium sulfate and neocaine.
  2. Use normal darsonvalization.
  3. Electric sleep.
  4. massage program. Affects the head and collar area.
  5. Electrophoresis was performed with bromine.

Are there any treatments I can try?

Iodine treatment

Iodine for high blood pressure

Iodine is required to ensure normal oxidative processes that stimulate brain activity. Without it, the normal function of the thyroid is impossible. This mineral improves mood and reduces irritability by neutralizing unstable microbes. It increases the elasticity of the blood vessel walls and has a beneficial effect on the plasma. Provides energy, helps burn fat deposits, keeps teeth healthy, nails and hair strong and shiny.

Treating high blood pressure with iodine is the so-called "Indian method". How to overcome high blood pressure with its help? It is necessary to carry out two such courses of treatment: early autumn and early spring. The entire course lasts 20 days. After the first 10 days of treatment, they took another 10 days off before continuing for the next ten years. The essence of the treatment boils down to using iodine and a cotton swab to draw circles on specific areas of the body in a certain pattern. Every day a new circle is drawn in a new place.

Treatment with vitamins and minerals

It is thought that to effectively treat high blood pressure, you need to take a special mineral and vitamin complex. This approach is based on the assumption that one of the main causes of high blood pressure is a lack of magnesium in the blood. Proponents of this approach argue that combining magnesium with vitamin B6 and elements such as taurine (a natural diuretic) and fish oil (a natural source of valuable amino acids) can strengthen the cardiovascular system and give it up entirelydrug.

low carb diet

How to eliminate the symptoms of a high blood pressure diet? Fast carbohydrates are a source of excess weight and cholesterol in the blood, which can increase the risk of diabetes. These factors negatively affect the condition of the blood vessels. By reducing the amount of carbohydrates in your diet with the help of a special diet, you can lower your blood pressure. Good results can be obtained by combining diet with magnesium intake and moderate exercise.

In addition to these methods, arterial hypertension can be treated with homeopathy, leech therapy, exercise therapy, acupuncture, acupressure, breathing exercises, herbal medicine, yoga.

Principles and standard protocols for complex treatment

There are two approaches to drug treatment of high blood pressure.

  1. Clinical recommendations for the management of arterial hypertension in this setting are as follows: Drug exposure should begin with monotherapy. Start by prescribing a drug. In certain cases, the smallest possible dose is given at the same time. If the effect is insufficient, gradually increase the dose. If there are still no results or the drug has adverse side effects, switch to another. As the most extreme option, monotherapy is replaced by combination therapy.
  2. The principles of treatment of arterial hypertension are quite different here. Proponents of a different approach are convinced that it is advisable to start treatment immediately, not with one drug, but with several. It is believed that two or more drugs from different groups combined well with each other will be more effective than either alone. Each of them eliminates the adverse effects caused by the other. In this case, the dose of both drugs can be reduced as much as possible. And the effect will be very high. This treatment is especially useful for patients who are at high risk for complications from heart and vascular disease.
high blood pressure medication

For the convenience of patients, pharmacies are starting to see combination drugs, which combine several active ingredients from different groups of drugs at once. The convenience of taking this tablet (drink one a day) is an important advantage.

Effective treatment of high blood pressure depends on the right combination of medications.

Recommended combination of arterial hypertension drug therapy:

  • Diuretics in combination with ACE inhibitors;
  • an ACE inhibitor and a calcium antagonist;
  • Calcium antagonists are used in combination with angiotensin-2 receptor blockers;
  • Diuretics and calcium antagonists;
  • Diuretics and angiotensin 2 receptor blockers;
  • beta-blockers and diuretics;
  • Calcium channel blockers and beta blockers.

Each stage of the disease requires adherence to specific hypertension treatment protocols and principles.

Stage 1 (140/90 - 160/100)

How to treat first stage hypertension? In the early stages of the disease, no prescription drugs are prescribed. They are recommended only for hypertensive crises, when you need to provide first aid quickly and effectively. Stage 1 is the easiest and normalizes stress by maintaining the right lifestyle. At this stage, non-drug alternatives such as herbal medicine, massage, exercise therapy, physical therapy, etc. can be actively used.

Hypertension as a first stage pathology does not require the use of drugs. They are not used to stabilize stress, but are only used when there is a need to reduce central nervous system excitation, normalize cerebral blood flow, and affect underlying disease (if we are talking about secondary hypertension).

Stage 2 (160/100 - 180/110)

In most cases, it involves taking medication. Some patients are treated with low doses and monotherapy. For others, you must increase the dose or prescribe a combination of drugs. Medications are prescribed not only to reduce stress, but also to prevent complications.

Medication is combined with preventive measures, lifestyle optimization and elimination of predisposing factors.

Stage 3 (180/110 and above)

blood pressure measurement for hypertension

Principles of treatment of hypertension at this stage:

  • You can't suddenly reduce stress.
  • It is recommended to reduce the tonometer index by no more than 15% of the initial figure.
  • When treating severe stages of the disease, patients must receive a combination of 2-3 drugs.
  • Medications are prescribed if symptomatic high blood pressure is detected. Affect the etiology of major diseases. If necessary, surgical treatment is prescribed.

It is necessary to work hard to minimize risk factors and follow all the advice your doctor recommends for treating high blood pressure. At this stage, it is important to monitor the condition of the organs known as the targets of hypertension: heart, kidneys, brain, eyes, blood vessels.

Kidney disease often leads to high blood pressure. Pharmacological treatment of nephrogenic (secondary) arterial hypertension should provide:

  • normalization of stress levels;
  • Alleviate the health of the patient and eliminate unpleasant symptoms;
  • inhibits the development of renal failure;
  • prolong patient's life.

In most cases, medications are used to prepare patients for surgery, or during the postoperative period. Complex treatment is also recommended for the elderly and those with contraindications to anesthesia. The most effective and often the only measure against kidney disease is surgery.

How to treat yourself properly and effectively

You can treat high blood pressure at home, but it is advisable to discuss all of your actions with your doctor so that treatment is beneficial and not harmful.

Traditional medicine offers many effective and safe ways to lower blood pressure. How can arterial hypertension be treated without medication?

bath. Using a hot foot bath is a great way to reduce stress quickly, especially if you add mustard powder to the water.

Red currant for high blood pressure

Garnet. High blood pressure fruit is very useful in itself. But you can treat it with pomegranate peel. They are brewed instead of tea and can be drunk in unlimited quantities.

black currant. It works in any form, especially fresh. You can make preserves, drink juices, make jams, eat fresh berries, mash with sugar and it's very tasty and healthy. It will eliminate unpleasant symptoms associated with high blood pressure.

useful vegetables. Arterial hypertension can be treated by eating a variety of vegetables. Beets are useful in any form. Its juice works well against atherosclerosis and lowers blood pressure. Potatoes baked "evenly" contain a lot of potassium, which is good for the heart and blood vessels. Anti-stress and strong blood vessels Onions, and garlic, need to be eaten every day.

Healing elixir. Ingredients: onion (1), garlic (4 cloves), dried mountain ash (tbsp). Grate it all, pour in cold water (1 liter) and simmer for 15 minutes. After that, pour in a pinch of herbs: quinoa, dill, parsley. All are well mixed and cooked for another 15 minutes.

After cooking, cool and filter. Next, take one and a half tablespoons up to 4 times a day to get rid of high blood pressure. It is necessary to drink half an hour before meals. The entire course takes about ten days. After a 21-day break, receive another course of treatment.

Rose hips with honey. Make a tablespoon of dried rosehips (fruit) in boiling water (500g) and heat over low heat for 10 minutes. Then cool and run through cheesecloth. You can drink any amount of the recommended medicine by adding honey (1 tablespoon) to the drink.

Mineral water drink. In mineral water (200 g), add honey (1 tablespoon), lemon (juice of half a fruit) and stir well. To deal with high blood pressure, you need to take the medicine in the morning before meals and one glass during the week.

Is it possible to get rid of high blood pressure permanently?

high blood pressure headache

If secondary hypertension is diagnosed, fighting it can be very effective. How to treat arterial hypertension in this situation? Finding the cause in time and eliminating the cause can completely cure high blood pressure. A good outcome is given surgical treatment. Patients can avoid serious complications and end high blood pressure once and for all.

With primary (essential) hypertension, complete cure is only possible in the early stages of disease development. To do this, you need to get into the habit of measuring your stress regularly, which absolutely applies to everyone, even healthy people. Everyone can take a few minutes to complete this simple procedure. Timely attention to fluctuations in indicators can stop the progression of hypertension.

How to get rid of high blood pressure forever? To fight the onset of the disease, you need to rethink your priorities. It is important to understand that the further development of events is solely up to the individual. What needs to be done to cure this disease:

  • time and adequate rest;
  • protect the nervous system;
  • almost completely abstain from salt;
  • Force yourself to walk more, exercise more, exercise more often, or at least do exercise;
  • Do not sit in front of the computer for a long time;
  • If your weight exceeds the allowable limit, try to lose weight;
  • Forget cigarettes, coffee, alcohol;
  • Eliminate harmful foods from your diet, especially those that increase cholesterol and affect your weight.
heart and arterial hypertension

Folk remedies and various methods of non-toxic alternative medicine will come to the rescue. The most important thing is not to over-treat and to consult your doctor on how to deal with high blood pressure as effectively as possible.

When hypertensive disease crosses the first stage, you need to adjust your life-long treatment without any vain delusions. How to beat high blood pressure in its chronic form - no one knows this. Now, all a person can do in this situation is learn to manage the disease.

When fighting high blood pressure, we must remember that self-medication without prescription medication can only cause harm. Even if your health appears to be fine, you need to keep taking your medication. Treating high blood pressure with other methods can prevent possible complications, reduce the side effects of the drug, and reduce the dose of the drug. However, cancellation of drug therapy should only be considered in the early stages of the disease, and only after obtaining the permission of the attending physician.